Life expectancy of patients with mesothelioma

After a patient is diagnosed with mesothelioma, the question about life expectancy usually comes up. It is an estimate of how long you will be able to live and is calculated by the medical staff treating the patient. It should be noted that this period of time could be met with appropriate treatment.

Life expectancy of patients with mesothelioma

After a patient is diagnosed with mesothelioma, the question about life expectancy usually comes up. It is an estimate of how long you will be able to live and is calculated by the medical staff treating the patient. It should be noted that this period of time could be met with appropriate treatment.

Everyone has an expectation of life, including people who do not have cancer. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention indicate that mesothelioma cancer can reduce a patient’s life by about 13 years.

Expectations are based on experiences with other patients with the same diagnosis. Historically, some patients with certain characteristics have lived longer than others, these statistics allow doctors to predict what may happen in people with similar profiles.

On average, the life expectancy for patients with mesothelioma is one year. However, life expectancy can vary significantly, depending on the type of disease. For example, a patient in stage I pleural mesothelioma will have a very different life expectancy than a patient with stage III peritoneal mesothelioma.

Personal characteristics (both physical and emotional) can play an important role. Younger patients may have a longer life expectancy than some older patient, while a patient in a good state of health may have a longer life expectancy than those patients with medical complications. It should be noted that these characteristics are not determined.

 How do doctors estimate the life expectancy of a patient with mesothelioma?

Instead of saying that a patient has a certain life expectancy, doctors discuss these estimates with patients and their families based on statistics. These statistics, known as the survival rate, refer to the percentage of patients who survived a certain period of time.

Normally, survival rates are measured in one-year and five-year periods (three-year survival rates are becoming more common because the average life expectancy of patients has moved a year longer.) have revealed the following survival rates for all types of mesothelioma

  • 40 percent (four out of 10 patients) reaches one year of life.
  • 10 percent (one in 10 patients) reaches three years of life.
  • 8 percent (eight of every 100 patients) reaches 5 years of life.

These life expectancy statistics can be explained more specifically by the type of disease.

  • 10 percent of patients with pleural mesothelioma reach five years of life.
  • 25 percent of patients with peritoneal mesothelioma reach three years of life.

Some factors (such as treatment methods and positive patient responses) can dramatically increase the patient’s life expectancy. For example, one study found that 70 percent of patients undergoing aggressive chemotherapy treatment, in which three types of drugs were used, helped patients live for about five years.

What factors affect life expectancy?

Medical and personal factors can influence the life expectancy of a patient affected by mesothelioma. The most common and influential factors include:

  • The stage in which the disease is found (Patients diagnosed in the early stages of the disease respond more positively to treatment, and therefore live longer after diagnosis).
  • The intensity of the treatment regimen (A multimodal therapy plan that combines surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy has greater chances of reducing the progression of the disease and simultaneously improving life expectancy).
  • The patient’s personal reaction to the treatment (Each patient’s chemistry works differently with drugs used in chemotherapy to treat the disease, and each tumor grows differently.) These factors cannot be counted in a prognostic expectation. the life of a patient).

Other factors that alter the prognosis of a patient’s life include age, gender, cell subtype, race, and if he is an active smoker or not.

You are not defined by your life expectancy

It is important to know that the patient’s life expectancy is a prognosis that the doctor performs, however it is not a fact. It is impossible to determine how long a person will live or how their body will respond to treatment. While it is quite interesting for patients to know how long other patients with the same diagnosis have struggled, they must take into account that they have their own destiny that is very likely to be different from any other.

Additionally, many studies of life expectancy for patients with mesothelioma are carried out in periods of time between five and 10 years. In more recent studies, therapies have become more advanced (and life expectancy has improved) and as a result, the information obtained in old books does not necessarily reflect their perspective.

Meanwhile, researchers are still looking for more effective treatments, the average expectation for patients with mesothelioma can continue to increase in terms of months, years or even decades.

Updated: April 8, 2019 — 8:04 am